Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe is the oldest intergovernmental
organisation in Europe and was established to further cooperation
between its member states on the basis of democracy, human rights
and the rule of law. Ireland is one of the ten founder members. The
Council now comprises 47 States, including all 27 EU States.
The Organisation for
Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is the primary
instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis
management and post-conflict rehabilitation in Europe, Central Asia
and North America. Ireland was a founder member in 1973 of the
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) which
became the OSCE in 1994. The OSCE currently comprises 57 States,
including all 27 EU States.