The UN Budget is broken down into four areas: the Regular Budget;
UN peacekeeping missions; the UN International Tribunals for Rwanda
and the former Yugoslavia; and the five-year renovation of the
Organisation's New York Headquarters, known as the Capital Master
Plan (CMP). The Fifth Committee is the Committee of the
General Assembly with responsibilities for administration and
budgetary matters. Based on the reports of the Fifth Committee, the
General Assembly considers and approves the budget of the
Organisation in accordance with Chapter IV, Article 17 of the
Charter of the United Nations. The UN Budget is
financed by assessed contributions from Member States. A
Member State’s assessed contribution is based on a scale of
assessment, which is decided by the Fifth Committee and is based on
a number of factors, including income per capita and GNP.
Ireland’s Contribution to the UN Budget
Ireland pays 0.418% of the UN Regular Budget, Peacekeeping Budget,
CMP and International Tribunals. In 2013, Ireland was one of
34 Member States on the Honour Roll of states which had paid all of
their assessed contributions on time.
UN Regular Budget
The UN Regular Budget is decided every two calendar years.
The Regular Budget covers the costs of United Nations programmes,
including staffing costs, in areas such as political affairs,
international justice and law, international cooperation for
development, public information, human rights and humanitarian
affairs in eight headquarter locations in the US, Europe, Asia,
Africa and Latin America. The UN Regular Budget for the
biennium 2014-15 is approximately US$5.5 billion.
UN Peacekeeping Budget
The Peacekeeping Budget is decided on an annual basis and runs from
1 July – 30 June. The 2013-14 Peacekeeping Budget is approximately
US$7.5 billion for 17 peacekeeping missions. The Fifth Committee
decides the Peacekeeping Budget in May and may also consider urgent
matters relating to the financing of a peacekeeping mission
authorized by the Security Council at any of its sessions.
Capital Master Plan
The Capital Master Plan (CMP) provides for the renovation of the UN
Headquarters in New York over a period of five years at a cost of
approximately US$1.9 billion. Refurbishment of the UNHQ
complex is necessary to replace deteriorated systems, to meet
current building codes and standards for safety, security and
accessibility for persons with disabilities, and to improve its
environmental performance. The CMP got underway in 2008 and
is due to be completed in mid-2014.
The budgets for the UN International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda
(ICTR), the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Residual
Mechanism for the Criminal Tribunals (IRM) are decided on a
biennial basis. For 2014-15, the General Assembly of the
United Nations approved the ICTR budget of approximately
US$87million, the ICTY budget of approximately US$180million
and the IRM budget of approximately US$113million.
Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance
The main UN bodies responsible for development cooperation are the
UN funds and programmes, in particular the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Children’s Fund
(UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United
Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), which are based in New
York. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
(OCHA) has primary responsibility for humanitarian affairs and
administers the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). The
UN Funds and Programmes are funded entirely through voluntary
contributions. While OCHA does receive a small allocation
from the UN Regular Budget, most of its funding and all funding for
the CERF is from voluntary contributions. Ireland contributes
regularly to the UN Funds and Programmes, to OCHA and the CERF.